The American Political System
In contrast with many European countries that have several political parties, in the United States there are:
Democratics are liberal and supported by the middle classes, while Republicans are generally conservative and supported by the upper classes.
At the age of 18 Americans have the right to vote. However, not everyone participates in the political affairs, especially the poorest and who belong to ehnic-minority groups.
But how do the elections work?
The President of the USA is elected every 4 years.
There are some requirements of becoming a President: for instance, it has to be a person born in the United States.
In addition, the President can only be in charge twice, not more times.
The elections see a long procedure, which is constituted by various steps:
1. The political parties choose their Presidential candidates through a series of primary elections.
2. A National Convention takes place, where the delegates from each state choose their final candidates for the roles of President and Vice-President.
3. On the Election Day, people vote for one party.
However, people do not elect the President directly: each state has an Electoral College with a number of Presidential Electors that is proportional to the population of the state.